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Memorial Cemetery

The Beginnings

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Slave Labor

Suffering and Dying

Liberation

 

The Jourhaus

Kupfer-Koberwitz

Roll-Call Area

The Monument

Propaganda

Schubraum

Admission procedure

Prisoner Baths

Everyday routine

Pole Hanging

Bunker Courtyard

 

Camp Prison

Standing Bunker

Camp Road

Sick-bay

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Disinfection Barracks

Rabbit Hutches

Crematorium

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The Jourhaus

 

The Jourhaus was the entrance and exit to the prisoners' camp. The prisoners had to pass through this gate to enter the camp for the first time on their arrival and then march through it daily on the way to the work details. In the recollections of the prisoners this gate house marked the border between the outside world and their imprisonment in the concentration camp.

 

The Jourhaus was the headquarters of the SS in the prisoners' camp; this is where the protective custody leaders had their offices. Located on the other side of the Jourhaus was the SS camp; the SS were in charge of the organization and guarding of the concentration camp. At the Dachau Concentration Camp SS guards were also trained for their deployment in other concentration camps.

 

Today, the grounds behind the fence are used by the Bavarian Riot Police.

 

Fitted to the walls of the archway are memorial plaques which commemorate the liberation of the camp by US Army units on April 29, 1945.

 

Main gate: "Arbeit macht frei"

 

The SS had the saying "Arbeit macht frei" ["Work sets you free"] mounted in the gate. This humiliating gate inscription was also used at the Auschwitz concentration camp. On the one hand this saying reflected the aim of SS propaganda to play down what was happening in the camp, namely that the concentration camps were supposedly merely "labor and reeducation camps", while on the other hand it displayed the cynical attitude of the SS towards the prisoners.

 

The Jourhaus, which included the gate with the words "Arbeit Macht Frei"

 

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